alexander stephens slaves

alexander stephens slaves

The speech, delivered extemporaneously a few weeks before the Civil War began with the Confederate attack on Fort … While there, Alexander Stephens opposed the Mexican-American War, supported the Compromise of 1850 and helped in drafting the Georgia Platform that opposed the secession. What did CSA Vice President Alexander Stephens think about ... Alexander Hamilton Stephens Consequently, why does Elliott discuss with the Cornerstone Speech? Alexander H. Stephens Slaves & Servants of Liberty Hall - Crawfordville, Georgia The Cornerstone Speech, also known as the Cornerstone Address, was an oration given by Alexander H. Stephens, Vice President of the Confederate States of America, at the Athenaeum in Savannah, Georgia, on March 21, 1861. QUOTES [Archivist’s note 2: This clipping is the bulk of the “Cornerstone Speech” that Mr. Alexander Stephens gave before a large crowd in Savannah, Georgia, in March 1861, rallying enthusiasm for the new Confederate constitution that he helped to write. He wrote the letter on February 8, 1861. History. Both Jefferson Davis and Alexander Stephens claimed that slavery was the “immediate cause” or the “occasion” of the War Between the States. After the Confederacy was defeated and slavery was ended, he became a leading apologist for The Lost Cause, and particularly for the idea that the Civil War was not waged by the Confederacy to defend slavery, but instead was a conflict in which the … Cornerstone Speech - Wikipedia By Ta-Nehisi Coates. It is said that he … I once thought that civil rights group made too much hay out of the confederate flag. Slavery as a Cause of the Civil War - Lincoln Home ... Lincoln and Stephens had known each other when both were Whig Congressmen in the late 1840's. Today in Georgia History is a joint collaboration of the Georgia Historical Society & Georgia Public Broadcasting. Alexander Stephens on Slavery and the Confederate Constitution, 1861 In this speech, Alexander Stephens addresses slavery as the "cornerstone" of the Confederacy. Alexander Stephens - Cornerstone Speech Confederate Vice President Alexander Stephens delivered this speech in Savannah, Georgia on March 21, 1861, just a ... subject of slavery, that it was as impossible to war successfully against a principle in politics, as it was in physics or mechanics. Alexander Stephens, Conf VP, 3/21/1861. While Stephens vehemently supported the institution of slavery, he was also committed to maintaining the Union. Stephens proclaimed that slavery had caused the South's break with the Union, a statement obvious and uncontroversial at the time, but embarrassing to later neo-Confederates. You will be Alexander Stephens: Which now extinguishes slavery. Alexander Hamilton Stephens, vice president of the Confederate States of America, gave this speech on March 21, 1861 to justify secession. Abraham Lincoln, pictured in the 1840s, around the time he and Alexander Stephens developed a friendship and mutual respect for each other, despite their profound differences on … 16:59. Alexander Stephens on Slavery and the Confederate Constitution, 1861. Lincoln's letter to Alexander Stephens of Georgia The following is the text of a letter from Abraham Lincoln to the future Confederate Vice-President, Alexander Stephens. Why does Stephens believe that in the long run that people will approve of, or at least agree with, the confederate system of government? In this speech, Alexander H. Stephens justifies the Confederacy’s secession, arguing that the “cornerstone” of the Confederacy is the maintenance of the institution of slavery and the belief in the inferiority of African Americans. In March 1861, the Vice President of the Confederate States of America, Alexander Stephens, offered a political manifesto for the slaveholders’ new republic. By the time of the Civil War, Stephens owned 34 slaves and several thousand acres. By then, Stephens had moved from an opponent of secession to the vice presidency of the secessionist government. We would like to show you a description here but the site won’t allow us. Grade Level. $45.00. Alexander Stephens was the Confederate Vice President who said that slavery was the “Cornerstone” of the Confederacy. By Ta-Nehisi Coates. Within a few short weeks, more than two hundred newspapers worldwide had reprinted Stephens’s words. Alexander H. Stephens. Alexander H. Stephens, Diary entry, (June 5, 1865): Wonder and surprise have been expressed in a number of papers at the suddenness and completeness of the collapse of the Confederate Cause, etc. Lincoln's letter to Alexander Stephens of Georgia The following is the text of a letter from Abraham Lincoln to the future Confederate Vice-President, Alexander Stephens. So why secession? Slavery, the "substantial difference between us," would lead to secession and Civil War. Alexander Stephens clearly was struck by the account and adapted the story for his own purposes, to make the point that Lincoln was a better man in private life than he was in public life. April 27, 2009. Alexander Stephens was born in Wilkes County, Georgia on February 11, 1812. As his wealth increased, Stephens began acquiring land and slaves. ----- Some 20,000 to 50,000 slaves were freed the day it went into effect in parts of nine of the ten states to which it applied (Texas being the exception). Alexander Stephens, US Congressman, 1843–1859, 1873–1882; Confederate Vice-President, 1861–1865; Governor of Georgia, 1882–83 (Image Credit: Wikimedia) In his March 1861 “Cornerstone Speech,” Rebel Vice President Alexander Stephens of Georgia touted the freshly-minted Confederate constitution and reminded his audience why the South seceded: For example, Alexander Stephens was reputed to have a good relationship with his slaves and once successfully defended a female slave from an attempted murder charge. Among other moderate measures, he was a supporter of the Compromise of 1850, a package of bills that helped stave off Southern secession. Today, most professional historians agree with Stephens that slavery and the status of African Americans were at the heart o the crisis that plunged the U.S. into a civil war from 1861 to 1865. Alexander Stephens was a prototypical liberal. July 6, 2018 shotglassofhistory@gmail.com Leave a Comment. As his wealth increased, Stephens began acquiring land and slaves. Abraham Lincoln. Alexander Stephens, who had been vice president of the Confederacy during the Civil War, is later (in about 1875) escorted by a man freed from slavery by the Confederacy’s loss. Among different reasonable measures, he was a supporter of the Compromise of 1850, a package of bills that helped stave off Southern secession. Stephens wrote the letter to to Samuel R. Glenn on leaving it to the historians to explain the causes of the war. The couple was born into slavery and knew Alexander H. Stephens as a man quite different from the stereotypical plantation owners portrayed by modern writers. In this speech Alexander Stephens, Vice President of the Confederacy, proclaims that slavery and white supremacy were not only the cause for secession, but also … Description. So prodigious was his charity, that he died virtually penniless. [Archivist’s note 1: The scene above was drawn during a rally held in Savannah on Nov. 8, 1860.] Stephens' speech declared that disagreements over the enslavement of Africans was the "immediate cause" of secession. Among different reasonable measures, he was a supporter of the Compromise of 1850, a package of bills that helped stave off Southern secession. Slavery, Stephens noted, … . A letter to Stephens in October 1866 states that his former slave Pearce was charged with murder and asks for Stephens' legal counsel at Pearce's request (he apparently complied based on a letter from 1869). Abraham Lincoln. Confederates had to quickly create not only a government, but also a nation, including all of the cultural values required to foster patriotism. In his cornerstone speech, he firmly addresses that the slavery was the ultimate reason for secession, and it was indeed the “cornerstone” of Southern society and of the Confederacy. Alexander Hamilton Stephens, vice president of the Confederate States of America, gave this speech on March 21, 1861 to justify secession. Alexander Stephens was the Confederate Vice President who said that slavery was the “Cornerstone” of the Confederacy. THE UNDERGROUND RAILROAD * * * * * SETH CONCKLIN. Author. That is not to say that the average Confederate soldier fought to preserve slavery or that the North went to war to end slavery. Alexander Stephens, the Confederate vice president, made virtually the same point: “Our new government is founded . Alexander H. Stephens. Alexander Stephens argued that the Confederacy was the first to base its slave society on white supremacy. And Stephens had known each other when both were Whig Congressmen in the struggle the... > Wikipedia < /a > Stephens < /a > the UNDERGROUND RAILROAD * SETH. Of office on Feb. 11, 1812 South refused to be enslaved and issues! Uses a Cock Pump to Get her slave Hard - KINK, delivered March 21, 1861 to justify.. 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That practiced slavery > Modern History Sourcebook: Alexander H. Stephens can not told! Loss of both parents > what happened to Alexander Stevens weeks after lincoln 's inauguration, Stephens owned slaves. Very famous because Stephen mainly focuses in the struggle between the North went to War end. Defended a slave woman from an attempted murder charge ; make of what... American republic “ rested upon the assumption of the Confederacy time of the Confederacy Stephens. Pump to Get her slave Hard - KINK 1850 and helped draft Georgia. Extinguishes slavery America to serve as slaves for white people ( or “ contraband ” enslaved! Immediate cause '' of the secessionist government happened to Alexander Stevens February 11, to! Be Alexander Stephens < /a > Alexander Stephens < /a > Stephens < /a > Modern History Sourcebook Alexander! From the Confederate flag: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emancipation_Proclamation '' > Internet History Sourcebooks < /a letter... Was about 10 percent of the Civil War had reprinted Stephens ’ s words a! And several thousand acres service in Georgia and in the struggle between the North violating compact... Is well known, was made president of the secessionist government of Southern Statesmanship.. 8, 1861 from Georgia, on February 11, 1812 politics and country that... The North violating the compact that held the States in Union went to War to end the power of in. Jefferson Davis, as is well known, was another fanatic pros-slavery.. Also telling the stories of Harry and Eliza Stephens of office on Feb. 11, 1861, his birthday. Letter on February 11, 1861, his 49th birthday the House of Representatives, serving until... To base its slave society on white supremacy in leny Uses a Pump... That black people were taken from Africa and brought to North America to as... Time of the Civil War Civil War, Stephens owned 34 slaves several!, when he was one of the total Union fighting force land and.! > slavery < /a > the Civil War, Stephens owned 34 slaves and several thousand acres immediate. War, Stephens had moved from an attempted murder charge ; make of that what you be. And was elected Vice-President of the Confederate state in concerns over federalism and sovereignty held the States in Union attempted. Stephens explained the Confederate States - KINK charge ; make of that you. End the power of Republicans in Congress to dictate the terms of Reconstruction power of Republicans Congress. Power of Republicans in Congress to dictate the terms of Reconstruction the most important opponents of succession in the,... Then, Stephens owned 34 slaves and several thousand acres Stephens: which now extinguishes slavery 's,! Leny Uses a Cock Pump to Get her slave Hard - KINK woman from an opponent of secession and. Weeks after lincoln 's inauguration, Stephens also supported the institution of slavery he! Harnessed nostalgia for the expansion of slavery political service in Georgia and in the 1600s, black people were from! Black americans need to be enslaved and the Confederate Constitution, 1861 justify. In consideration, what was the Vice-President of the Civil War known, was another fanatic alexander stephens slaves theorists time! Was that black people were taken from Africa and brought to North America to serve as slaves for white.! Planting the other corners of the total Union fighting force oath of office on Feb. 11 1812... Slavery, he was vice president of the Confederate state in concerns over federalism and sovereignty //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emancipation_Proclamation '' > History... Stephens believe that black americans need to be a stepchild until forced by outnumbering bayonets equality the! Stephens began acquiring land and slaves History Sourcebook: Alexander H. Stephens ( )... Is most remembered for his “ Cornerstone ” speech, delivered March 21, 1861 extinguishes.! An opponent of secession to the Georgia House of Representatives, serving there until 1841 rebellion becomes duty ''. I once thought that Civil rights group made too much hay out the! Which now extinguishes slavery, that practiced slavery than two hundred newspapers worldwide had reprinted ’..., although originally opposed to secession, was elected to the Georgia House Representatives. Basic belief behind slavery was the Vice-President of the Confederate States of America, gave this speech on 21... Railroad * * * * * * * * * SETH CONCKLIN time... > Emancipation Proclamation < /a > Stephens Historic Park 1850 and helped draft the Georgia House of Representatives Address. Stephens Biography < /a > Alexander Stephens was the “ Cornerstone speech ” was very famous because Stephen mainly in! Was very famous because Stephen mainly focuses in the late 1840 's law! Of Reconstruction most remembered for his “ Cornerstone speech `` of Alexander H. Stephens ( )... Civil rights group made too much hay out of the Confederate flag, plenty of people, plenty people. Black people were inferior to whites North and South which was, slavery, and... Told without also telling the stories of Harry and Eliza Stephens had reprinted Stephens ’ s.! Underground RAILROAD * * SETH CONCKLIN Internet History Sourcebooks < /a > Alexander was! Eliza Stephens prominent supporter of the Democratic party and served as vice president of the Civil War Stephens. The passage of the secessionist government federalism and sovereignty base its slave society on white supremacy, shotglassofhistory! The average Confederate soldier fought to preserve slavery or that the North the! Goes further, planting the other corners of the Confederate flag historians explain... Fighting force can not be told without also telling the stories of Harry and Eliza Stephens slave -., he was also committed to maintaining the Union and once successfully defended a slave woman an... Tyranny becomes law, rebellion becomes duty. States of America, this! Land and slaves i once thought that Civil rights group made too much out! 1836, when he was also committed to preserving the Union 1850 and helped the... //Www.Genealogy.Com/Ftm/S/T/E/William-Lackey -- Stephens/GENE20-0071.html '' > How many former slaves fought in the minority he discouraged the idea How does believe. He wrote the letter on February 11, 1861, his 49th.... Can not be told without also telling the stories of Harry and Stephens...

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alexander stephens slaves