The western border of the Middle East is defined by the Mediterranean Sea, where Israel, Lebanon, and Syria rest opposite from Greece and Italy in Europe. As of 2018, there are 4 independent countries where Arabic has a special status according to the constitution. Arabic (alongside English) was an official language in South Sudan from 1863 (these days a part of Egypt Eyalet (1517–1867)) until 2011 (that time the independent state Republic of South Sudan), when the former government canceled Arabic as an official language. The country covers an area of 3,572 square miles and has a population size of approximately 1.17 million. :109–110 The Cypro-Minoan syllabary may have been used to write more than one language.:60ff. ", Arabic was an official language of Mandatory Palestine and was retained as an official language when the State of Israel was founded in 1948. Arabic is one of the recognized national languages in Niger. However, the composition of countries in the Middle East remains contentious even to date. , The 2011 census of the Republic recorded 679,883 native speakers of Greek, 34,814 of English, 24,270 of Romanian, 20,984 of Russian and 18,388 of Bulgarian of a total of 840,407. Today it is a popular tourist destination. It includes fully recognized states, states with limited but substantial international recognition, de facto states with little or no international recognition, and dependencies of both Asian and non-Asian states. . Stay on top of Cyprus latest developments on the ground with Al Jazeera’s fact-based news, exclusive video footage, photos and updated maps. There is also an Arab minority in Pakistan. recognized as the sole legitimate government, Basic Law: Israel as the Nation-State of the Jewish People, immigrated from different Arab countries to Israel, Learn how and when to remove this template message, fall of the last Islamic state in Iberia at Granada, "Documentation for ISO 639 identifier: ara", "Syrian president slams Arab League for granting seat to opposition", "Regime backers express anger at other nations after Arab League suspends Syria", "Implementation of the Charter in Cyprus", Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran, "Full text of Basic Law: Israel as the Nation State of the Jewish People", "1987 Constitution of the Republic of the Philippines, Article XIV, Section 7", Ministry of Federal Education and Professional Training, "Gambia to drop English as 'colonial relic'", "Gambia’s Yahya Jammeh, a dictator and ‘proud’ of it", "L Bassin de I'Azawagh : peuplements et civilisations, du néolithique à l'arrivée de l'islam", Arab Immigrants in Latin American Politics, Descendants of Arabs thriving in S. America, "Arab roots grow deep in Brazil's rich melting pot", List of countries where arab is official language with pictures and flags, Countries by the number of recognized official languages, Countries and capitals in native languages, List of languages without official status, Languages by the number of countries in which they are recognized as an official language, Community of Portuguese Language Countries, International Organization of Turkic Culture, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_countries_where_Arabic_is_an_official_language&oldid=997234152, Arabic-speaking countries and territories, Lists of administrative territorial entities by language, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles lacking reliable references from June 2020, Articles needing additional references from August 2020, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Co-official language, along with Kurdish and, Siculo-Arabic, Byzantine Greek, Vulgar Latin, Andalusian Arabic, Mozarabic, Medieval Hebrew, This page was last edited on 30 December 2020, at 16:08. The total area is the sum of all land and Inland water bodies (lakes, reservoirs, rivers). It is not entirely clear when Arabic first made its way to Cyprus, but Arabic speakers are known to have emigrated from the Levant in the late 12th century AD. Islam in Cyprus Islam in Cyprus has been present since 649; when the island was conquered by Uthman - the third Caliph of the Arab Rashidun Empire, but settlers from Turkey, during the 1974 Turkish invasion of Cyprus strengthened the presence of the religion. Hospitality and buying or offering food and drinks for guests or others are common among both. c. ^ The Basic Law: Israel as the Nation-State of the Jewish People (an Israeli Basic Law which specifies the nature of the State of Israel as the nation-state of the Jewish People) states in No. Learn more about the country, including its history. Iran is a sovereign nation in the Middle East with a population of over 81million people. e. ^ The 1987 Philippine constitution specifies "Spanish and Arabic shall be promoted on a voluntary and optional basis. Cyprus, an island in the eastern Mediterranean Sea renowned since ancient times for its mineral wealth, superb wines and produce, and natural beauty. Cypriot Turkish is mutually intelligible with Standard Turkish. “Cyprus is a member of the EU, but at the same time we are a country of the region and what we want to do is to raise awareness in Brussels about the region and especially about Saudi Arabia. Arabic is one of the recognized national languages in Senegal. 4 (B) that "The Arabic language has a special status in the state; Regulating the use of Arabic in state institutions or by them will be set in law." , The languages of Cyprus have historically exerted influence on one another; Cypriot Greek and Cypriot Turkish borrowed heavily from each other, and Cypriot Greek has helped shape Cypriot Arabic's phonology. There are 19 countries generally included as part of the MENA countries. Explore similarities and differences. According to the Emirates News Agency, the two ministers discussed the prospects of […] :508–509,536–537,549, Proficiency in English is high (higher than in many other European countries), and Cypriots that receive education in English might code-switch between Cypriot Greek and English.  The following is a list of sovereign states and territories where Arabic is an official language. Cypriot Arabic is an recognized minority language in the EU member state of Cyprus and along with Maltese is one of only two extant European varieties of Arabic, though has its own standard literary form and has no diglossic relationship with Standard Arabic. Cyprus, an island in the eastern Mediterranean Sea renowned since ancient times for its mineral wealth, superb wines and produce, and natural beauty. Nicosia is its capital and largest city. Currently, the sole newspaper in Arabic language published in Iran is Kayhan Al Arabi out of 23 Persian dailies and three English dailies newspapers in Iran. It was Eurocentric and commonly used by the Western World. Third periodical report by the Republic of Cyprus", "Usus Norma Loquendi" – Cypriot Greek podcast about the languages of Cyprus, "North Cyprus Discovery" – Cypriot Turkish languages basics, Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities, Universal Declaration of Linguistic Rights, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Languages_of_Cyprus&oldid=999096751, Articles with dead external links from February 2020, Articles with permanently dead external links, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 8 January 2021, at 13:35. On average, Cypriots speak 1.2 foreign languages. It is the third populous and third largest island in the Mediterranean. 4 (C): "This clause does not harm the status given to the Arabic language before this law came into effect." Greek Cypriots and Turkish Cypriots share a lot in common in their culture due to cultural exchanges but also have differences. :4, There is an unknown number of Roma, speakers of Kurbetcha (or Gurbetcha), a creole with vocabulary that is predominantly Romani and Cypriot Turkish grammar, residing in Northern Cyprus. To clear the ambiguity, the World Bank and the United Nations began using the term “Middle East and North Africa” to refer to the region spanning hori… It is on the southeastern parts of Greece, northwestern side of Israel, south of Turkey, west of Lebanon and Syria and north of Egypt. :26:61 CG has a literary tradition that flourished before the Ottoman conquest of 1571. The Arabic dialect Juba Arabic is still the lingua franca of the people in South Sudan. Learn more about Quia: Create your own activities Learn more about Quia: Create your own activities It is located south of the Anatolian peninsula, yet it belongs to the Cyprus arc. The national public broadcaster of Turkey the Turkish Radio and Television Corporation (also known as TRT) broadcasts TRT Al Arabiya a 24 hours a day TV channel in Arabic language (launched in April 2010). These codes are used throughout the IT industry by computer systems and software to ease the identification of country names. , While the Abbasid Caliphate (750–1258) originally gained power by exploiting the social inequalities against non-Arabs in the Umayyad Empire, during Abbasid rule the empire rapidly was Arabized. Last updated on June 29th, 2020. Arabic is taught for free and is promoted in some Islamic centres predominantly in the southernmost parts of Philippines. CYPRUS WAS HITITE, ASSYRIAN, EGYPTIAN, PERSIAN, ARAB, GREEK, TURKISH etc:-Throughout history, nearly all the leading civilizations were present in the island. 2 that "The State shall endeavour, as respects the Muslims of Pakistan (a) to make the teaching of the Holy Quran and Islamiat compulsory, to encourage and facilitate the learning of Arabic language ..." The Middle East is a geographical and cultural region located primarily in western Asia, but also in parts of northern Africa and southeastern Europe. Sovereign states where Arabic is an official language, States with limited recognition and territories where Arabic is an official language, Countries where Arabic is a national/working language or a recognized minority language, Countries where Arabic has a special status according to the constitution, Non-sovereign entities and territories where Arabic is an official or de facto official language, Territories where Arabic was an official or de facto official language and later replaced or repealed. Cypriot Arabic, also known as Cypriot Maronite Arabic or Sanna, is a moribund variety of Arabic spoken by the Maronite community of Cyprus.Formerly speakers were mostly situated in Kormakitis, but following the Turkish invasion of Cyprus in 1974, the majority relocated to the south and spread, leading to the decline of the language. The following is a list of territories (which later became independent states) where Arabic was an official or de facto official language in the history. After the Islamic Revolution in 1979, Arabic (as the language of Quran) became mandatory for pupils in Iran. Arabic is a language cluster comprising 30 or so modern varieties.. Siculo-Arabic (or Sicilian Arabic) was a spoken language on the islands of Sicily and neighbouring Malta (at that time Emirate of Sicily (831–1091)) between the end of the ninth century and the end of the twelfth century. Nov 14, 2009 Damascus,(SANA)- Syria and Cyprus have common historic and Geographic factors since very ancient times that have played an important role in building relations of respect, cooperation and mutual understanding between the two countries, said Syrian ambassador to Egypt and Permanent Representative to the Arab League Yusuf Ahmad.AaIn a speech delivered before the …  Cyprus, officially the Republic of Cyprus, is an island country in the Eastern Mediterranean. :507 CA speakers are bilingual in Greek and CA, and CA, having long existed cut off from other varieties of Arabic, has been heavily influenced by Cypriot Greek, with respect to its syntax, vocabulary and, particularly, phonology: it has lost all emphatic consonants and stop voicing opposition. According to Amir S. Cheshin, Bill Hutman and Avi Melamed "for centuries were the central figures". As a third step of the strategic planning process, the four-year strategy that articulates the U.S. priorities in a given country is developed that is referred to as the Integrated Country Strategy (ICS). :4.4 A reported 80.4% of residents of Cyprus perceive to have command of the English language as L2, a 10.8% of French, a 4.6% of German, a 2.8% of Russian, and a 2.0% of Spanish. In both communities, music, dance and art are integral parts of social life and many artistic, verbal and nonverbal expressions, traditional dances such as tsifteteli, similarities … 2. The Muslim conquests (Arabic: الفتوحات الإسلامية, al-Futūḥāt al-Islāmiyya) and the following Expansion of Islam (Arabic: انتشار الإسلام, Intishar al-Islām) led to the expansion of the Arabic language in Northern Africa, the Iberian Peninsula, the Caucasus, Western Asia, Central Asia and South Asia. Cyprus visa services for citizens of Pakistan residing in United Arab Emirates. Armenian Cypriots are often bilingual in Greek and Armenian. 322 open jobs in Cyprus. For the time that the two languages co-existed, the peoples of Cyprus were bilingual (and bicultural). General Ayub Khan the second President of Pakistan advocated the institution of Arabic language teaching as part of national planning. Arabic is the lingua franca of people who live in countries of the Arab world as well as of Arabs who live in the diaspora, particularly in Latin America (especially Brazil, Argentina, Venezuela, Chile and Colombia) or Western Europe (like France, Spain, Germany or Italy). Arabic and its different dialects are spoken by around 422 million speakers (native and non-native) in the Arab world as well as in the Arab diaspora making it one of the five most spoken languages in the world. The local dialects of Arabic spoken by Arab minorities in Iran (like Ahwazi Arabs, Khamseh Arabs, Marsh Arabs as well as Arabs in Khorasan) are Khuzestani Arabic and Mesopotamian Arabic, (also known as Iraqi Arabic) mainly in Khuzestan Province as well as Khorasani Arabic especially in Khorasan Province. The following is a list of non-sovereign entities and autonomous regions as well as territories where Arabic is an official or de facto official language. Cyprus is a hub for foreign businesses due to its tax r… CYPRUS", "European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages. Egypt in Africa also borders the Mediterranean and is sometimes considered as part of the Middle East, while Turkey and Cyprus literall… Cyprus is an island in the Eastern Basin of the Mediterranean Sea.It is the third largest island in the Mediterranean, after the Italian islands of Sicily and Sardinia, and the 80th largest island in the world by area. The following is a list of states with limited recognition as well as territories where Arabic is an official or de facto official language. Resources from other languages began to be translated into Arabic, and a unique Islamic identity began to form that fused previous cultures with Arab culture, creating a level of civilization and knowledge that was considered a marvel in Europe and the Western world. Hassaniya Arabic is spoken by a minority in Senegal.. Arabic is an indigenous language in the territory which form nowadays the state of Israel and which is still the lingua franca of Arab citizens of Israel as well as of Arab foreigners (especially Palestinians who have only a Palestinian Authority passport, not recognized by many countries. As knowledge was shared in the Arabic language throughout the empire, people of different nationalities and religions began gradually to speak Arabic in their everyday lives. The capital of Cyprus is Nicosia. Along with Malay, Arabic was the lingua franca of the Malay Archipelago among Muslim traders and the Malay aristocracy in the history.  "Ayub`s educational plan emphasized Urdu and English as the primary language of Pakistan, but additionally recommended that Arabic be a secondary language of instruction along with English. :392, SMG has been the language of instruction in Greek Cypriot education since the late 19th century (then Katharevousa) and is the language used in Greek-language media in the country (though in a recognisably Cypriot form). Cypriot Arabic is an recognized minority language in the EU member state of Cyprus and … Two minority languages are covered by the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages in Cyprus, Armenian and Cypriot Arabic. Information is available in Greek, English, French, Russian, Arabic, Persian- Farsi. The Arabic language (alongside Hebrew) also remained as an official language in the State of Israel for the first 70 years after the proclamation in 1948 until 2018. The caliphs of the Arab dynasty established the first schools inside the empire which taught Arabic language and Islamic studies for all pupils in all areas within the caliphate. Today, Western Armenian is taught in Armenian schools (Nareg) and is the first language of about 3,000 people of Armenian descent in the Republic. Detailed Cypriot visa requirements, application. :3, It is not entirely clear when Arabic first made its way to Cyprus, but Arabic speakers are known to have emigrated from the Levant in the late 12th century AD. A mukhtar (Arabic: مختار "chosen one"; Greek: μουχτάρης) is a village chief in the Levant: "an old institution that goes back to the time of the Ottoman rule". This is a list of countries by total area. :6 According to the Eurobarometer, 76% of people of Cyprus can speak English, 12% can speak French and 5% can speak German. The Trucial States of the Persian Gulf coast granted the UK control of their defense and foreign affairs in 19th century treaties. A lot of times I feel that the Europeans don’t know the region — they talk about the region, but they don’t really know it,” he said. Nicosia is its capital and largest city. It is reckoned written language first made its appearance in Cyprus in the 16th century BCE with the yet-to-be-deciphered Cypro-Minoan syllabary, an offshoot of Linear A "with some additional elements of hieroglyphic affiliation" that was the basis for the later Cypriot syllabary. Is one of the two ministers discussed the prospects of [ … ] Cyprus and more than one language [..., Al-Kawthar TV as well as territories where Arabic has a special status according the... 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