Available at: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bodhi_Tree (Accessed: 21 September 2016). Fig trees have survived for at least 80 million years. The tree, by its nature destined to be a symbol for man, appears universally in cosmological myths and superstitions: home of supernatural powers, pillar of the sky, and core of the universe. More recently, when people began farming for the first time, fig trees were among the first plants to be cultivated. Ghosts tormenting a man who tried to cut the wood of a sacred fig tree in India by Warwick Goble (1912) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Folk-tales_of_bengal,_illustration_by_W._Goble_1912.jpg. These fig wasps comprise of some of the smallest insects in the world and in many regions are the smallest insect. In Greek mythology it is believed that Demeter gave fig to Dionysus as a gift, hence the link to love and fertility. A huge thank you to all of our official sponsors, and everyone who pledges to keep #FolkloreThursday running! In Guatemala, there is a story of a man who was turned into a monkey just for trying to climb a sacred fig tree. Examples include the banyan and the sacred fig (Ficus religiosa) in Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism, the tree of the knowledge of good and evil of Judaism and Christianity. Much of the rich mix of folklore associated with fig trees has a basis in biology. Each species of a fig tree is in a mutualistic relationship with either one or a few fig wasp species. The fig tree's trunk is on the top of a cliff on the opposite side of the straight looking outwards to the Scylla. The fate of the female wasp is to become a queen wasp of her own. It is debated that some ficus species are, however, pollinated by multiple fig wasp species. The peepul at the foot of which the Buddha received Enlightenment, the Bodhi Tree, is … A tree rooted deep within the theology of humanity is the fig tree. Fig Tree - In Mythology. In Norse mythology, the World Tree called Yggdrasill runs like a pole through this world and the realms above and below it. In the Amazon rainforest of French Guiana, a story told by Wayampi people warns against adultery. The host tree then dies and its trunk is used as a skeletal support, such as with strangler fig species. Once inside she pollinates the fig, lays her eggs and injects the flower with a chemical that turns to flower into fatty galls which will provide food for her offspring. McClay, R. (1994) The Pineal gland, LSD, and serotonin — updated: October 15, 1996. Such as Yggdrasil in Norse mythology, the Bodhi tree in Buddhism and even the Tree of Life in Kabbalah. In Australia, aboriginal stories warn of an altogether more fearsome strangler fig-dweller, the yara-ma-yha-who. Each tree is in a mutualistic relationship with a particular species of wasp that acts as its pollinator. Figs planted in pots won’t grow as large as their counterparts growing in the ground. Demeter and the fig tree . Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. Figs are ubiquitously found in Israel and in neighboring areas; thus their frequent mention in the Bible. Link Here. ( Log Out / DEPTFORD QUATRAINS Walk Six: the fig tree in Greek mythology. Beautifully patterned butterflies and moths of a wide variety lay their eggs on ficus trees. However, its long branches droop down so they are right above the rotating void of Charybdis. The leaves of one fig tree clothed Adam and Eve. Fig trees prefer to grow in areas that are exposed to plenty of sun, either in the ground or in a pot. In the traditional religion of Kenya’s Kikuyu people, making offerings at sacred fig trees is the way to communicate with God. In Eastern Asia, the fig-tree plays an extremely important part. “The vase painters of the classical period adopted a different one, which was the official version at Eleusis: in their representations of the Eleusinian myth, they give the old wine god … Its crown provided shelter as a she-wolf suckled the boys, who would go on to found Rome. Around the world, many cultures have established taboos against harming fig trees with warnings of grim fates for anyone who breaks the rules. Their creator Ngai or Mwene-Ngai is said to have a direct relationship with the sycamore fig and it was from it that the Kikuyu people were created. The fruit that falls down to ground are eaten by terrestrial herbivores and omnivores alike, and even by fish when the fruit falls into the water. When he discarded his toothbrush, it transformed into a gigantic fig tree whose crown spread to cover a hectare of land. 13:26-27); and the times of the Gentiles was not fulfilled either (Lk. Company registered in England & Wales, no. Mythology. Thayer's Greek Lexicon STRONGS NT 4809: συκομορέα συκομορέα (Lachmann συκομωρεα ( Rec. An even bigger banyan, large enough to shelter 20,000 people, is said to have grown from the spot where a woman threw herself onto her husband’s funeral pyre more than 500 years ago. Fig. A tiny opening (ostiole) at the apex of the flower provides an entrance for the fig wasps. The Romans held Figs sacred as well, and it was believed that the wolf who raised Romulus and Remus rested under a Fig tree. In some cases, the host tree is spared, in others, the host tree is parasitised on. Yet in the world of biology, there exists a variety of veritable “trees of death” poised to cause great harm to any human that comes into contact with them. When the eggs hatch, the caterpillars have all the leaf matter they require to pupate and transform. Photo by Siripwatwongpin – Wikimedia Commons. In Greek mythology it is believed that Demeter gave fig to Dionysus as a gift, hence the link to love and fertility. Very little is known about the Charybdis Fig Tree. ( Log Out / This religious fascination with the fig tree can perhaps be attributed to a large amount of serotonin within its fruit and its chemical connection to the pineal gland. Kenyan folklore and the traditional narratives of the Kikuyu people, the largest ethnic group in Kenya, have long revered and worshipped the Fig Tree as sacred. In India similar beliefs were held regarding Vishnu, while in Greece the fig … The largest ethnic group in Kenya known as the Kikuyu derive their name from the word Gĩkũyũ, meaning ‘massive fig’. Parable of the Fig Tree: Matthew 24:32-35; Mark 13:28-29; Luke 21:29-31 The parable of the fig tree is one of the most important parables to read in context.. Fruit bats and monkeys revere the fruits produced by fig trees and like the birds, aid in distributing the seeds of the tree far and wide. They believed the mother goddess Hathor would emerge from a mythic fig tree to welcome them into heaven. The second production of fruit in a year is usually superior in quality and taste, while some inedible fig trees may produce fruit up to three times a year. The tree of life may be a popular concept in folklore, mythology, and religious stories around the world. The tree is certainly sacred. After eating the forbidden fruit, Adam and Eve covered their nakedness with leaves that are usually said to be from the fig tree, and Islamic tradition mentions two forbidden trees in Eden—a fig tree and an olive tree. The sycamore fig (Ficus sycamorus) in this case. from ELEUSIS: ARCHETYPAL IMAGE OF MOTHER AND DAUGHER by Karl Kerenyi. A tree in El Matareya near Cairo called the Virgin Mary Tree is said to be a resting spot of Mary, Jesus and Joseph and is a pilgrimage spot for Christians. This concept is depicted in many mysteries and mythologies, some using different trees according to geographic location. Travel to India, and you may hear of an immortal fig tree surrounded by the bleached bones of pilgrims, whose devotion led them to climb the tree and throw themselves to their deaths. At night, serotonin is converted into melatonin within the pineal gland. In Asia, the sacred Fig (Ficus religiosa) represents the Bodhi tree under which Siddhartha Gautama attained enlightenment and became known as Gautama Buddha. Emmett, M. and Pattrick, S. (2009) Game ranger in your back pack: All-in-one interpretative guide to the Lowveld. They will no doubt feature in the folklore of the future, too. They are also ecological linchpins, sustaining more wild birds and mammals than any other fruit trees. The Greeks revered figs so much that they made it illegal to transport good quality figs. The following two tabs change content below. Some ficus species are classified as vines that often do not parasitise on its host. This includes the iconic hornbills, fruit-eating pigeons, barbets, parrots and much more. September 23, 2012 September 24, 2012 June Stoyer 7 Comments Agriculture, Environment, Featured Guests, Gardening, Organic News, Organic Producers, Sustainability. The chemical arrangement of serotonin is very close to that of the well know psychedelic LSD (lysergic acid diethylamide), while melatonin is very similar in construction to DMT (dimethyltryptamine). species, grow in many countries worldwide. The Greeks revered figs so much that they made it illegal to transport good quality figs. No trees are home to a more motley mix of supernatural creatures than the strangler figs, whose eerie, aerial roots are adept at seizing imaginations in their grip. In eastern philosophy, this is referred to as the third eye or Anja chakra, or in western philosophy Descartes’ ‘seat of the soul’. This story is borne out by the inscription on the grave of Phytalos :--‘Hero and king, Phytalus here welcome gave to Demeter, august goddess, when first she created fruit of the harvest; sacred fig is the name which mortal men have assigned it. Here it is a specific variety of fig cast in this role, the imposing ficus benghalensis, or banyan tree. They are known as the children of the sycamore fig. Zeus pursued him to Kilikia (Cilicia) where his mother Gaia (the Earth) hid him in her bossom and transformed him into the first fig-tree. The Tree in World Mythology “Seek lore, even if it be in China”, said the Prophet. Both of these chemicals have an interesting relationship with the pineal gland. They had their origin in religious symbolism. 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